Section 247 IPC: Fraudulently or Dishonestly Diminishing Weight or Altering Composition of Indian Coin

In a world where currency is the lifeblood of an economy, ensuring the integrity of a nation’s coinage is paramount. Section 247 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) addresses a specific aspect of coinage integrity by dealing with offenses related to fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing the weight or altering the composition of Indian coins.

section 247 ipc

This article explores the various facets of this legal provision and its implications.

Introduction to Section 247 IPC

Section 247 IPC is a significant legal provision in India that focuses on maintaining the purity and weight of Indian currency. It criminalizes any act that involves fraudulent or dishonest practices related to diminishing the weight or altering the composition of Indian coins. The aim of this provision is to safeguard the trust in the nation’s currency system and prevent economic disruption.

Understanding Fraudulent or Dishonest Diminishing of Weight

Diminishing the weight of a coin involves reducing its metal content while maintaining its appearance. Fraudulent practices like shaving, clipping, or filing the edges of coins to extract metal are common examples. Such actions devalue the currency and can lead to financial losses for individuals and the state.

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Understanding Alteration of Composition

Altering the composition of a coin means changing its metal content to deceive others about its value. This can involve adding cheaper metals to the coin’s alloy or using materials that mimic the original metal. These alterations can be difficult to detect, making it a covert form of currency manipulation.

Historical Background of Coinage in India

The history of coinage in India is rich and diverse, dating back to ancient times. Various dynasties and rulers issued their own coinage, reflecting the cultural and economic dynamics of their eras. Coinage integrity has been a concern for centuries, with emperors like Akbar issuing royal edicts to ensure the purity of currency.

Importance of Coinage Integrity

Maintaining the integrity of coinage is essential for a stable economy. If the trust in the currency is eroded due to fraudulent practices, it can lead to economic instability, inflation, and a loss of confidence in the government’s ability to manage the financial system.

Offenses under Section 247 IPC

Section 247 IPC outlines specific offenses related to coinage. It includes counterfeiting, making or possessing any instrument for counterfeiting, diminishing the weight or altering the composition of a coin, or possessing such altered coins with the intent to defraud.

Legal Consequences and Penalties

The legal consequences for offenses under Section 247 IPC can be severe. Offenders can face imprisonment and fines. The severity of the punishment depends on the nature and scale of the offense. Additionally, the courts may order the forfeiture of any counterfeit or altered coins.

Challenges in Enforcing the Law

Enforcing Section 247 IPC presents certain challenges. Detecting altered or counterfeit coins can be a complex task, often requiring advanced technology and expertise. Moreover, bringing offenders to justice can be difficult due to the covert nature of such activities.

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Real-Life Cases

To illustrate the significance of Section 247 IPC, we can examine real-life cases of coinage fraud in India. These cases shed light on the impact of such offenses and the measures taken to address them.

Preventive Measures and Conclusion

Preventing coinage fraud is crucial to maintain economic stability and public trust. To conclude, this article emphasizes the importance of Section 247 IPC in upholding the integrity of Indian coinage. It serves as a deterrent to those who would engage in fraudulent practices and plays a vital role in preserving the nation’s economic security.

However, here are some reputable sources where you can find information on Section 247 IPC and related topics:

  1. Legislation and Legal Portals: Websites like India Code ( and Legal Services India ( provide details on Indian laws, including Section 247 IPC.
  2. Legal Databases: Platforms like Manupatra ( and Westlaw India ( offer comprehensive legal databases with access to case laws and statutes.
  3. Government Websites: The official website of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, often provides information on legal matters and updates related to Indian Penal Code sections.
  4. Legal Journals: Journals like the Indian Journal of Law and Technology and the Indian Journal of Criminal Law frequently publish articles and research on legal topics in India.

Please ensure to verify the information from these sources to ensure accuracy and relevance to your specific needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Identifying altered or counterfeit coins can be challenging. Genuine coins typically have specific weight and composition characteristics. Altered coins may show signs of tampering, like uneven edges, unusual weight, or a different metallic composition. However, advanced testing may be needed to confirm authenticity.

Section 247 IPC has its roots in India’s historical concerns about coinage integrity. Over the centuries, rulers and emperors recognized the importance of maintaining trust in currency. This legal provision evolved to address various forms of coin manipulation and fraud.

To protect against coinage fraud, individuals and businesses should be cautious when handling coins. They can use coin-checking devices, seek guidance from experts, and stay informed about the latest security features in currency. Being vigilant and educated is essential in detecting counterfeit or altered coins.

As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, there were no specific recent developments or amendments to Section 247 IPC. However, it’s advisable to consult the latest legal sources and updates from the Indian government for any changes to this provision.