Section 70 IPC: Fine Leviable within Six Years, or During Imprisonment. Death Not to Discharge Property from Liability

In the labyrinthine world of legal terminology and statutes, Section 70 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) is a crucial provision that often draws attention due to its significance in the realm of fines and penalties.

section 70 ipc

This article will delve into the depths of Section 70 IPC, elucidating its nuances, implications, and how it operates within the Indian legal framework.

Understanding Section 70 IPC

To begin our journey, let’s unravel the intricacies of Section 70 IPC. In essence, this section deals with the imposition and recovery of fines in the context of criminal offenses. It addresses the question of when fines can be levied and how they are to be recovered, even in the event of the offender’s death.

Key Provisions

  1. Leviable within Six Years: Section 70 IPC specifies that a fine imposed as part of a sentence can be levied at any time within six years from the date of the sentence. This means that if an individual is sentenced to pay a fine, the legal authorities have a window of six years to enforce the payment.
  2. During Imprisonment: Importantly, the section also asserts that if the offender is sentenced to imprisonment in default of payment of the fine, the fine can be realized during the period of imprisonment. This ensures that individuals who fail to pay fines do not evade their financial obligations by serving a jail term.
See also  Section 216A IPC: Penalty for Harbouring Robbers or Dacoits

The Implications

Now that we’ve dissected the key provisions, let’s explore the implications of Section 70 IPC.

Timely Enforcement

One of the primary purposes of this section is to ensure that fines are enforced promptly. By allowing for a six-year window, it grants legal authorities sufficient time to recover the outstanding fines from the offender.

No Discharge from Liability upon Death

A critical aspect of Section 70 IPC is that even in the unfortunate event of the offender’s death, their liability to pay the fine does not extinguish. The legal heirs or representatives of the deceased are obligated to settle the outstanding fine amount.

Real-World Application

To better understand the practical application of Section 70 IPC, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario:

Scenario: Mr. Sharma is convicted of a financial fraud offense and is sentenced to pay a substantial fine of ₹1,00,000. Unfortunately, Mr. Sharma passes away three years after the sentence is pronounced.

In this case, Section 70 IPC comes into play. The fine imposed on Mr. Sharma can still be enforced, and his legal heirs are responsible for settling the outstanding amount. This ensures that the state can recover the due fine, even if the offender is no longer alive.


Section 70 IPC serves as a crucial legal provision that ensures the timely enforcement of fines and prevents offenders from evading their financial obligations, even in the event of their demise. By understanding this section’s intricacies, we gain valuable insights into the Indian legal system’s commitment to upholding justice and accountability.


The fine can be realized during the period of imprisonment.

No, the liability remains, and legal heirs are responsible for settling the outstanding fine.

Yes, the state can recover fines from the estate or legal heirs of the deceased offender.

Section 70 IPC applies generally to the imposition and recovery of fines, but specific cases may have unique considerations. It’s essential to consult legal experts for precise guidance.