Section 67 IPC: Imprisonment for Non-Payment of Fine, When Offence Punishable with Fine Only

In the vast expanse of legal provisions, Section 67 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) occupies a unique place. It deals with the imprisonment for non-payment of fines, but with a specific twist – when the offence is punishable with a fine only.

section 67 ipc

In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of Section 67 IPC, understanding its implications and significance within the legal framework of India.

Understanding Section 67 IPC

The Essence of Section 67

Section 67 of the IPC primarily addresses cases where an individual is liable to pay a fine as part of their punishment for committing an offence. However, the catch here is that the offence in question must be one that is punishable solely with a fine, without any provision for imprisonment. This section essentially clarifies that if an individual fails to pay the prescribed fine, they can be subjected to imprisonment.

The Objective

The primary objective behind Section 67 IPC is to ensure that individuals held accountable for non-imprisonable offences do not evade their financial obligations. By stipulating imprisonment as a consequence for non-payment of fines, the law aims to maintain the integrity of penalties and deter individuals from avoiding their financial responsibilities.

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Key Provisions of Section 67 IPC

Non-Payment of Fine

Under Section 67 IPC, if an individual does not pay the fine imposed upon them for an offence punishable solely with a fine, they may face imprisonment. This provision serves as a compelling incentive for individuals to fulfill their monetary obligations to the state.

Duration of Imprisonment

The section does not specify a fixed duration of imprisonment for non-payment of fines. Instead, it leaves the determination of the imprisonment period to the discretion of the concerned authorities or the court, taking into account the nature of the offence and the amount of the fine.

Conditional Release

In some cases, individuals may be granted conditional release upon payment of the fine. This release is contingent upon the full settlement of the fine amount and serves as a means to encourage compliance with the law.

The Significance of Section 67 IPC

Maintaining Legal Order

Section 67 IPC plays a crucial role in maintaining legal order by ensuring that individuals who commit non-imprisonable offences remain accountable for their actions. It prevents the misuse of legal loopholes and reinforces the principle that no one is above the law.

Protecting the State’s Interests

By enforcing the payment of fines, this provision safeguards the financial interests of the state. It ensures that the government can collect the revenue it is rightfully owed, which is essential for the functioning of public institutions and the provision of services.


In conclusion, Section 67 IPC stands as a pivotal element of India’s legal framework. It strikes a balance between accountability and proportionality in punishments by stipulating imprisonment for non-payment of fines in cases where the offence carries a fine-only penalty. This provision serves as a deterrent, ensuring that individuals meet their financial obligations and uphold the rule of law.

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Yes, the court has the discretion to decide the duration of imprisonment based on the nature of the offence and the amount of the fine.

In some cases, conditional release may be granted upon full payment of the fine.

The primary purpose is to ensure that individuals fulfill their financial obligations when facing fines for non-imprisonable offences.

You can access the complete Indian Penal Code, including Section 67, through legal databases or government publications.