Section 387 IPC – Putting Person in Fear of Death or of Grievous Hurt, in Order to Commit Extortion

Section 387 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) plays a crucial role in addressing acts that involve putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt with the intent of committing extortion.

section 387 ipc

In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of this legal provision, exploring its historical context, legal implications, real-life examples, challenges in enforcement, and much more.

Understanding Section 387 IPC

At its core, Section 387 IPC deals with situations where an individual deliberately instills fear of death or grievous hurt in another person to coerce them into parting with their property or valuables. To comprehend this provision fully, one must grasp the nuances of what constitutes putting a person in fear and the nexus with extortion.

Historical Context

This legal provision has a rich historical background, evolving over the years to adapt to societal changes. Landmark legal cases have significantly influenced the interpretation of Section 387 IPC, shaping its current form and application in the Indian legal system.

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Legal Implications

Violation of Section 387 IPC carries severe penalties, reflecting the gravity of the offense. Offenders may face imprisonment and fines, and understanding the legal consequences is crucial for both the general public and law enforcement agencies.

Real-life Examples

To illustrate the real-world impact of Section 387 IPC, we will explore notable cases where this provision was invoked. Examining the outcomes of these cases provides valuable insights into the effectiveness of the legal system in addressing such threats.

Challenges in Enforcement

Despite its importance, enforcing Section 387 IPC poses challenges for law enforcement. Identifying and overcoming these challenges is essential to ensure the effective implementation of this provision in safeguarding individuals from extortion-related threats.

Public Awareness and Safety

Raising public awareness about Section 387 IPC is vital for preventing such crimes. The article will discuss the role of awareness campaigns and the safety measures individuals can adopt to protect themselves from potential extortion attempts.

International Comparisons

A comparative analysis with similar legal provisions in other countries offers a broader perspective. By learning from global practices, we can identify areas where the Indian legal framework can be strengthened to combat extortion-related threats more effectively.

Critiques and Controversies

No legal provision is without its critiques and controversies. This section will explore various perspectives on Section 387 IPC, including criticisms and debates surrounding potential amendments or reforms to enhance its efficacy.


In conclusion, Section 387 IPC is a crucial tool in maintaining societal order and protecting individuals from extortion-related threats. This article has provided a comprehensive overview of its key aspects, emphasizing the need for a robust legal framework and public awareness to address and prevent such offenses.

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Certainly! Here are some external resources for further information on Section 387 IPC:

  1. Indian Penal Code – Section 387
    • Explore the complete text of Section 387 IPC on Indian Kanoon for a detailed understanding of the legal provision.
  2. Legal Service India – Extortion
    • Read an insightful article on extortion, providing context and analysis related to Section 387 IPC.
  3. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
    • Access crime statistics and reports from the NCRB to gain insights into the prevalence of extortion cases in India.
  4. Supreme Court of India
    • Stay updated on relevant judgments by searching for cases related to Section 387 IPC on the official website of the Supreme Court of India.
  5. Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: India
    • The Library of Congress provides a comprehensive overview of criminal laws in India, offering comparative insights.

Please note that the accuracy and reliability of external resources may vary, and it’s advisable to cross-reference information for a comprehensive understanding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Individuals can report such cases to the local police. Taking immediate safety measures and documenting the threats can be crucial for a swift and effective response.

Yes, Section 387 IPC can be invoked based on the intent to cause fear of death or grievous hurt, even if the actual harm did not occur.

The article explores international comparisons, highlighting the importance of learning from global practices to enhance the effectiveness of Section 387 IPC.