Section 202 IPC: Intentional Omission to Give Information of Offence by Person Bound to Inform

In the realm of criminal law, Section 202 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) holds a critical position. It pertains to the intentional omission to give information of an offense by a person bound to inform.

section 202 ipc

This article delves into the intricacies of Section 202 IPC, shedding light on its importance, legal implications, and what it entails. So, let’s embark on this legal journey.

What is Section 202 IPC?

Section 202 IPC is a significant provision in Indian criminal law. It deals with the intentional omission to give information of an offense by a person who is legally obliged to do so.

Legal Obligations

Persons who are bound to inform under Section 202 IPC include public servants, officers, and individuals who, in the course of their duties, become aware of any criminal offense. They are legally obligated to report the matter promptly to the concerned authorities.

Consequences of Violation

Failure to comply with the obligations under Section 202 IPC can result in legal consequences. Those who intentionally omit to give information may be subject to prosecution themselves.

See also  Section 176 IPC: Omission to give notice or information to a public servant by a person legally bound to give it

Understanding the Implications

Legal Perspective

From a legal standpoint, Section 202 IPC serves as a crucial tool in maintaining law and order. It ensures that those in positions of authority fulfill their responsibility to report crimes, thereby aiding in the swift administration of justice.

Protection of Society

This provision ultimately aims to protect society from those who might seek to shield wrongdoers by withholding information about criminal offenses.


Section 202 IPC serves as a vital tool in the field of criminal law. It compels those in positions of authority to act responsibly by reporting criminal offenses, ultimately contributing to the swift delivery of justice. Understanding the legal obligations and consequences under this section is imperative, as it upholds the principles of accountability and societal protection.

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Certainly, here are some external resources for further information on Section 202 IPC:

  1. Indian Penal Code – Section 202
    Explore the full text of Section 202 IPC on Indian Kanoon, a trusted legal resource.
  2. Legal Provisions Regarding the Duty to Report a Crime
    This blog post discusses various legal provisions, including Section 202 IPC, regarding the duty to report crimes in India.
  3. Understanding Section 202 of the Indian Penal Code
    Learn more about Section 202 IPC and its implications in this detailed article.
  4. Criminal Procedure in India
    Explore the criminal procedure in India, which includes Section 202 IPC, in this comprehensive legal guide.

These resources will provide you with in-depth knowledge and a better understanding of Section 202 IPC and its legal implications.

See also  Section 219 IPC: Public Servant in Judicial Proceeding Corruptly Making Report, Etc., Contrary to Law

Frequently Asked Questions

In exceptional cases, where there is a legitimate fear of personal harm or other valid reasons, individuals may be exempted from reporting an offense.

Section 202 IPC specifically deals with intentional omissions. Unintentional failures to report an offense are not covered under this provision.

Defenses may be available, but they must be substantiated with valid reasons. Lack of intent, fear of retaliation, or any other genuine obstacles might be considered as defenses.

No, the provision does not penalize the reporting of an offense. It, in fact, encourages it.

The consequences may include legal action against the individual who intentionally omitted to report an offense, including potential criminal charges.

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